water broken 破水
urinate vi. 小便
妇产科： Obstetrics & Gynecology
月经： Menstruation (Periods)
下腹部痛： Low abdominal pain
阴道分泌物： Vaginal Discharge
月经周期： Menstrual Cycle
预产期： Date of delivery; Due date
害喜： Morning sickness
胎儿心音： Fetal Heart Sounds
破水： The Show (Mucus-Like) Membrane Rupture (water broken)
阵痛： Labor Pain
早期破水： Premature Rupture
腿抽筋： Leg Cramp
胎动： Fetal Movement; Quickening
妊娠纹： Striations of Pregnancy
尿道炎： Urinary Trust Infection
胞状畸胎： Hydatid Mole
宫外孕： Ectopic Pregnancy
输卵管怀孕： Tubal Pregnancy
产道： Birth Canal
直肠检查： Rectal Examination
阴道检查：Internal (Vaginal) Examination
会阴缝合： Perineorrhaphy Stitch
产后： After Birth
脐带： Umbilical Cord
早产： Premature Birth
死产： Still Birth
多胞胎： Multiple Birth
胎盘前置： Placenta Praevia
胎盘分离： Separation of the Placenta
盘卷脐带： Coiling of the Umbilical Cord
骨盆狭窄： Narrow Pelvic
会阴裂伤： Laceration of the Perineum
子宫破裂： Tubal Rupture
产褥热： Puerperal Fever
剖腹产： Caesarean Section
产钳助产： Forceps Delivery
母乳喂养： Breast Feeding
人工喂养： Bottle Feeding
新生儿： Newborn Baby
Alveoli(乳腺泡): The milk-producing glands of the breast.
Amniocentesis(羊水穿刺): The withdrawal of about an ounce of amniotic fluid from your uterus which allows for various tests on your baby.
Amniotic fluid(羊水): The water that fills the sac surrounding and protecting your baby.
Apgar score(阿普迦新生儿评分): A method of rating how well your baby is doing right after birth.
Areola(乳晕) : The dark ring of skin around the nipple.
Birth canal(产道) : The area, including the widened cervix(宫颈) and vagina(阴道), that the baby travels through during birth.
Braxton-Hicks contractions(好像是怀孕中晚期的一种宫缩): Mild contractions that prepare your body for true labor.
Breech position(臀位): The baby is positioned with its feet or buttocks down, instead of head-down.
Cesarean section(刨宫产)The delivery of a baby through a surgical incision in the abdomen and uterus.
Chloasma(黄褐斑): The darkening of the skin during pregnancy, often appearing on the face as a “mask.”
Crowning(露顶): The first appearance of the baby’s head during delivery.
Dilation(开宫口): The process of the cervix openning during labor.
Edema(浮肿): Swelling caused by fluid retention in the tissues of the body.
Effacement(子宫颈薄化): The thinning of the cervix in the early stages of labor.
Epidural block(硬脊髓膜外腔麻醉): Anesthesia injected into the uppermost layer of the protective coating around the spinal cord. It helps make labor more comfortable, while allowing the mother to be awake and alert.
Episiotomy(外阴切开): A cut made in the perineum between the vagina and anus to widen the vaginal opening for delivery.
Induction(催产，药物诱发阵痛): Starting labor through the use of synthetic hormones.
Linea nigra(黑线): A line from the navel(肚脐) to the public hair that darkens during pregnancy.
Lochia(恶露): The vaginal discharge that occurs after delivery. It continues for up to six weeks.
Mucus plug(怀孕中封住子宫颈口的粘液): Accumulated in the cervix during pregnancy, it releases into the vagina when the cervix begins to open.
Nonstress test: Monitoring of the baby’s heart rate and movements to be sure he’s getting enough oxygen and nutrients.
Paracervical block(子宫颈旁阻断): Local anesthesia injected into the tissues around the cervix to relieve pain during birth.
Pelvic floor muscles(骨盆底肌肉): Muscles at the base of the pelvis(骨盆) that help support the bladder(膀胱), uterus(子宫), urethra(尿道), vagina(阴道), and rectum(直肠).
Perineum(会阴): The area between the vagina and the rectum.
Pitocin(催产素): Synthetic hormone used to induce labor.
Placenta(胎盘): Tissue that connects mother to baby, progides food and oxygen, and removes the baby’s wastes.
Placenta previa(前置胎盘): Acondition in which the placenta lies very low in the uterus, partially or completely blocking the cervix.
Preeclampsia(子痫前症): A serious condition indicated by severe swelling, high blood pressure, and protin in the urine. It’s also known as pregnancy-induced hypertension.
Pudendal block(会阴神经阻断): Anesthesia injected around the nerves in the vagina to relieve delivery pain.
Quickening(胎动初觉): The first movements of the fetus felt by the mother.
Spinal block(脊髓麻醉): Anesthesia injected into the fluid surrounding the spinal cord to numb the lower body.
Systemic analgesia(全麻？不太sure): Pain medication injected into a muscle or vein during labor.
ernix(胎儿皮脂): Cheesy white substance that coats the skin of newborn.
engage – 指宝宝的小脑袋入盆
amniotic fluid 羊膜水, 羊水
dilatation [医]扩张,扩张术, 开宫口
cervical dilatation 开宫口
dysuria [医] 排尿困难
Effacement: thinning of cervix; occurs in the latter part of pregnancy and during labor
anesthesia 麻醉；失去知觉; 麻醉手术
Epidural block: Type of anesthesia.
Episiotomy [医]外阴切开术; 分娩时切开外阴以助生产的手术
Perineorrhaphy Stitch 会阴缝合
Fetal stress / fetal distress: Problems with the baby that occur before birth or during labor; often requires immediate delivery.
Fetal monitor 胎心监护器
rupture of membranes 羊水破裂
pubic hair 阴毛
cord blood 脐带血
Birth Canal 产道
Rectal Examination 直肠检查
Internal (Vaginal) Examination 阴道检查
Laceration of the Perineum 会阴裂伤