美国妈妈必看 – 常见妇产科用语中英文对照

美国妈妈网整理比较全面的常见妇产科和新生儿相关用于中英文对照。

一、产检常见词汇中英文对照

妇产科: Obstetrics & Gynecology

子宫: Uterus

子宫口: Cervix

阴道: Vagina

月经: Menstruation (Periods)

下腹部痛: Lower abdominal pain

阴道分泌物: Vaginal Discharge

月经周期: Menstrual Cycle

月经痛: Dysmenorrhea

无月经:Amenorrhea

怀孕: Pregnancy

预产期: Date of delivery; Due date

害喜: Morning sickness

胎儿心音: Fetal Heart Sounds

流产: Miscarriage

堕胎: Abortion

破水: Membrane Rupture / Water broken

阵痛: Labor Pain

早期破水: Premature Rupture

腿抽筋: Leg Cramp

排卵: Ovulation

受精: Conception

着床: Implantation

胎儿: Fetus

胎动: Fetal Movement; Quickening

妊娠纹: Striations of Pregnancy (strech mark)

尿道炎: Urinary tract infection (缩写UTI)

蛋白尿症: Albuminuria

羊水过多: Polyhydramnion

胞状畸胎: Hydatid Mole

宫外孕: Ectopic Pregnancy

输卵管怀孕: Tubal Pregnancy

产道: Birth Canal

直肠检查: Rectal Examination

阴道检查: Internal (Vaginal) Examination

分娩: Delivery

子宫收缩: Contraction

会阴切开: Episiotomy

会阴缝合: Perineorrhaphy Stitch

产后: After Birth

脐带: Umbilical Cord

胎盘: Placenta

恶露: Lochia

早产: Premature Birth

死产: Still Birth

双胞胎: Twins

多胞胎: Multiple Birth

胎盘前置: Placenta Praevia

胎盘分离: Separation of the Placenta

盘卷脐带: Coiling of the Umbilical Cord

骨盆狭窄: Narrow Pelvic

会阴裂伤: Laceration of the Perineum

子宫破裂: Tubal Rupture

产褥热: Puerperal Fever

剖腹产: Caesarean Section

产钳助产: Forceps Delivery

母乳喂养: Breast Feeding

人工喂养: Bottle Feeding

初乳: Colostrum

新生儿: Newborn Baby

怀孕中毒症: Toxemia of Pregnancy

见红:The bloody show

入盆:Engagement

开指:Dilation or Dilatation

胎粪:meconium

 

二、生产常见词汇中英文对照

NORMAL LABOR  

onset of labor  产程发动

labor pain 产痛

threatened labor 先兆临产

bloody show 血先露

rupature of membranes 破膜

parturation 生产

parturient 产程

primigravida 初孕妇

primipara 初产妇

multipara 经产妇

grand multipara 多产妇

fetal presentation 胎先露

fetal position 胎位

vertex presentation 顶先露

left occiput anterior(LOA) 左枕前位

right occiput posterior(ROP) 右枕后位

floating(head) 头浮

engagement 衔接/入盆

lightening/drop入盆

descending of presenting part 先露部下降

station of presentation part 先露部位置

effacement of cervix 宫颈消失

dilation of cervix 宫颈扩张/开指

开指finger tip

uterine contraction 宫缩

intensity 强度

duration 持续时间

interval  间歇

fitst stage of labor 第一产程

second stage of labor 第二产程

third stage of labor 第三产程

latent phase 潜伏期

acceleration phase 加速

deceleration phase 减速

flexion of fetal head 胎头俯曲

extension of fetal head 胎头仰伸

internal rotation 内旋转

external rotation 外旋转

crowning 着冠

delivery of baby 胎儿娩出

delivery of placenta 胎盘娩出

laceration of vaginal mucosa 阴道粘膜撕裂

laceration of perineum 会阴撕裂

postpartum 产后

puperium 产褥期

lochia 恶露

bloody lochia 血性恶露

serous lochia 浆液性恶露

involution of uterus 子宫复旧

lactation( breast feeding) 哺乳

colostrum 初乳

suppression of lactation(wraning the milk)  退奶

leakage:羊水渗漏

Edema:浮肿

Effacement:子宫颈薄化

Induction:催产,药物诱发阵痛

Mucus plug:宫颈粘液栓

 
ABNORMAL PREGNANCY
nausea and vomitting of pregancy 妊娠呕吐

hyperemesis gravidarum 妊娠剧吐

abortion(miscarriage) 流产

threatened abortion 先兆流产

inevitable abortion 难免流产

incomplete abortion 不全流产

missed abortion 稽留流产

septic abortion 感染流产

habitual abortion 习惯流产

cervical incompetence 宫颈机能不全

ectopic pregnancy 异位妊娠

extrauterine pregancy 宫外孕

tubal pregancy 输卵管妊娠

tubal abortion 输卵管妊娠流

ovarian pregancy 卵巢妊娠

abdominal pregancy 腹腔妊娠

hemoperitoneum 腹腔积血

high-risk pregancy 高危妊娠

hydroamnious(polyamnious) 羊水过多

oligohydramnious 羊水过少

toxemia of pregancy 妊娠中毒症

pregancy-induced hypertension(PIH) 妊高征

hypertensive disorders of pregancy 妊娠高血压疾患

pre-eclampsia 先兆子痫

eclampsia 子痫

convulsion 抽搐

premature rupture of membrane 胎膜早破

premature birth 早产

intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) 宫内生长迟缓

small for gestational age (SGA) 小于胎龄

large for gestational age (LGA) 大于胎龄

macrosomia 巨大儿

prolonged pregancy 过期妊娠

overdue (postdate) 过期

postmaturity 过熟

fetal distress 胎儿窘迫

fetal bradycardia 胎心过缓

fetal tachycardia 胎心过速

fetal heart irrythmia 胎心心律不齐

meconium-staining amniotic fluid 羊水粪染

intrauterine death 胎死宫内

contracted pelvis 骨盆狭窄

generally contracted pelvis 均小骨盆

flat pelvis 扁平骨盆

osteomalacic pelvis 骨质软化骨盆

funnel pelvis 漏斗骨盆

pregnacy test 妊娠试验

radioimmunoassay for hCG hCG放免测定

ultrasonography (ultrasound scanning) 超声波检查

B-scan B型超声波扫描

ultrasonic estimation of fetal weight and maturity 超声波估价胎儿体重及成熟

ultrasonic localization of placenta 超声波定位胎盘

amniocentesis 羊膜穿刺

chorionic villi sampling 绒毛标本采取

chromosome analysis 染色体分析

fetoscopy 胎儿镜检查

fetoscope 胎儿镜

pelvimetry 骨盆测量

fetal heart monitoring 胎心监测

tocograph 宫缩描记

baseline fetal heart rate 胎心基线

variability 可变性

deccleration 减速

acceleration 加速

early deceleration 早减速

late deceleration 晚减速

prolonged deceleration 延长减速

varial deceleration 可变减速

non stress test (NST) 非应力试验

oxytocin challenge test (OCT) 催产素刺激试验

estimation of fetal lung maturity 胎儿肺成熟度估价

lecithin/sphimgomyelin ratio 卵磷脂/鞘磷脂比值

amnioscopy 羊膜镜检查

amnioscope 羊膜镜

fetal scalp blood sampling 胎儿头皮血取样

blood gas analysis 血气分析

 

三、新生儿常见词汇中英文对照

NEWBORN (NORMAL AND ABNORMAL)

neonatal 新生儿的

birth weight 出生体重

anterior fontanelle 前囱

posterior fontanelle 后囱

biparietal diameter 双顶径

suboccipital  bragmatic diameter 枕下前囱径

caput succedaneum 先锋头

molding of fetal head 胎头塑形

cephallohematoma 胎头血肿

cord around neck 脐带绕颈

true knot of umbilical cord 脐带真结

false knot of umbilical cord 脐带假结

umbilical hernia 脐疝

neonatal asphyxia 新生儿窒息

Apgar scoring 阿氏评分

cyanosis 紫绀

resuscitation of newborn 新生儿复苏

endotrachael intubation 气管内插管

birth injure 产伤

brachial palsy 臂丛麻痹

fracture of clavicle 锁骨骨折

fracture of humorus 肱骨骨折

cerebral hemorrhage 颅内出血(脑出血 )

fracture of skull 颅骨骨折

laceration of tentorium cerebelli 小脑幕撕裂

laceration of falx cerebri 大脑镰撕裂

meconium aspiration 胎粪吸入

aspiration pneumonia 吸入性肺炎

respiratory distress syndrom (RDS) 呼吸窘 迫综合征

hyaline membrane disease (HMD) 透明膜病

atelectasis 肺不张

peumothorax 气胸

hemorrhagic disease of newborn 新生儿出血病

hemolytic disease of newborn 新生儿溶血症

hyperbilirubinemia 高胆红素血症

physiologic jaundice 生理性黄疸

Icterus 黄疸

isoimmunization 同族免疫

blood group incomaptibility 血型不合

hydrops fetalis 胎儿水肿

nucleae jaundice (Kernicterus) 核黄疸

phototherapy 光疗

exchange transfusion 交换输血

congenital anomaly (malformation) 先天畸形

hydrocephalus 脑积水

anencephalus 无脑儿

microcephalus 小头畸形

spina bifida 脊柱裂

meningocele 脑脊膜膨出

hare lip 兔唇

cleft palate 腭裂
Down’s syndrom 先天愚型

妇产科常用语中英文对照

 

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