在美国生孩子申请Medicaid、WIC会影响申绿卡吗

在美国,对于一些经济条件不太宽裕但又有要宝宝计划的爸爸妈妈们,存在着这样一些问题:有了宝宝,但是我的经济条件并不宽裕,是否应该要这个宝宝?在美国生孩子申请Medicaid、WIC等会影响将来申请绿卡或者入籍吗?

下面就会来为大家介绍一些相关知识,以帮助各位爸爸妈妈们在考虑自身情况的基础上做出合适自己的选择。

在美国,移民官在考察绿卡申请人的时候,会考虑到此人是否会成为美国的公众负担(public charge)这个因素。一般来说,如果绿卡申请人有过相关政府部分申领现金形式补助的行为,则有可能被移民官列入今后可能成为public charge的范围,从而导致绿卡申请被拒。

 

不会对绿卡和入籍申请造成影响的福利项目

关于public charge,美国移民局(USCIS)也给出了官方定义。那么到底申请哪些福利会对绿卡申请造成影响呢?而哪些福利又是可以放心地去申请的呢?根据美国移民局提供的信息,进行以下福利的申请不会被认为是public charge:(具体可参见网址http://www.uscis.gov/files/article/public_cqa.pdf

1) Medicaid and other health insurance and health services (including public
assistance for immunizations and for testing and treatment of symptoms of
communicable diseases; use of health clinics, prenatal care, etc.) other
than support for institutionalization for long-term care

2) Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)

3) Nutrition programs, including Food Stamps, the Special Supplemental
Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), the National School
Lunch and Breakfast programs, and other supplementary and emergency food
assistance programs

4) Housing assistance

5) Child care services

6) Energy assistance, such as the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program
(LIHEAP)

7) Emergency disaster relief

8) Foster care and adoption assistance

9) Educational assistance, including benefits under the Head Start Act and
aid for elementary, secondary, or higher education

10) Job training programs

11) In-kind, community-based programs, services, or assistance (such as soup
kitchens, crisis counseling and intervention, and short-term shelter).

所以,根据以上的规定我们可以发现,申请Medicaid,WIC (Women, Infants and Children),孩子午餐减免(National School Lunch and Breakfast programs),职业培训(Job training programs)等,都不会被认为是public charge,所以这些社会福利爸爸妈妈们可以放心申请,不用担心会对将来的绿卡和入籍申请造成阻碍和影响。

 

会影响绿卡和入籍申请的福利项目

申请以下福利要特别注意,这些项目可能会对绿卡和入籍申请造成影响:

(1) Supplemental Security Income (SSI);

(2) Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF);

(3) State and local cash assistance programs for income maintenance (often
called state “General Assistance,” but which may exist under other names).

 

最后,在申请任何福利的时候,记住关键一点,即是否为现金资助。如果是现金资助,最好还是放弃,以免被列入public charge的范围,影响到日后的绿卡申请和入籍申请。

所以,根据以上相关信息,各位在美国的爸爸妈妈们可以放心大胆地进行造人计划,有政府提供的WIC、Medicaid等多种福利项目,即是经济条件不太宽裕的家庭,也不用担心生宝宝会给家庭带来经济困难。
WIC和Medicaid影响绿卡吗

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